Published by the Home Office, this annual report covers key developments across the UK in Modern Slavery in the period October 2020 to the end of September 2022.
The report includes an assessment of modern slavery in the UK and the UK’s existing and future response to modern slavery.
Chapter 1 summarises the strategic response to modern slavery in the UK and current modern slavery trends. A review of the 2014 Modern Slavery Strategy for England and Wales is underway to develop a revised strategy, whilst a new strategy was published in Northern Ireland in May 2021.
According to the report, 2020 was the first time that a year-on-year increase in the number of potential victims referred to the NRM for modern slavery was not seen, thought to be a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictions.
In total, 10,613 potential victims were referred to the NRM. 48% of those were adults, a decrease on 2020, and 47% were children, an increase on last year. As in 2019, the most common nationality of potential victims in 2020 was UK nationals, accounting for 34% (3,560) of all referrals. The most common forms of exploitation reported were labour exploitation for adults and criminal exploitation for minors.
Chapter 2 summarises the UK’s response to modern slavery under five key areas of work:
1. Law enforcement and operational response.
3. Transparency in Supply Chains.
4. Victim Support and Identification.
5. International engagement and upstream prevention.
Home Office November 2021